The research focused on how buyers' purchasing practices in various countries affect producers in garments sector.
Tags: garments, compliance and workers
Global supply chains in the garments sector
In the first phase of the project, ten factories
were selected based on diversity of the products, geographical dispersion, and
availability. ARCED foundation conducted an extensive desk review of data
gathered in the first phase of the project.In the secondphase, the team at ARCED interviewed
a representative sample of management professionals and garment workers.
professionals included representatives from the Compliance, Admin and/or Human
Resource Department units and garment workers from multiple sections such as
sewing, sample, and cutting took part in the interviews.
Collected data were entered into online template
over SurveyCTO server. Furthermore, ARCED also supported ILO with the daily
summary reports from the field visits.
Key findings for this project involve four
areas: pricing, timing, planning and requirements, and social/working
conditions. The findings indicate that price negotiations are majorly
controlled by the buyers and the average lead time is around 100 days counted
from order to delivery, or around 60 days counted from sample confirmation to
delivery. The key findings also highlight the near absence of planning and
forecast and the deep dissatisfaction about social audits.
Carried out desk research and analysis
based on 1st phase data, followed by primary data collection through
interviewing sampled workers and management personnel, performing online data
entry in the web server and preparing country report for ILO.